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John Nash and the Mathematics of Game Theory

By Samuel Phineas Upham

Born in Bluefield, West Virginia, John Forbes Nash Jr. is the mathematician most responsible for the fundamentals behind game theory and differential geometry. Most people know his as the “mind” in the movie “A Beautiful Mind.”

Nash spent much of his time looking at the factors that govern chance in a given circumstance. He became an expert at finding order within the complex systems at play in …

The Economy During the Enlightenment

By Phineas Upham

The Enlightenment occurred just before the Industrial Revolution, which meant that activity in Europe was experiencing a fairly steady incline. This period was when the House of Rothschild and the Barring Brothers represented the largest usurers. This was a time when railroads and factories were being built, laying the groundwork for modern infrastructure. An incredible amount of money was set to change hands, and momentous structures were being …